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Sales tax by state: Is SaaS taxable?

by TaxJar February 1, 2024

Please note: This blog was originally published in 2021. It’s since been updated for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Software as a service (SaaS) is a model where software is hosted in one place but licensed by subscription for use by customers. TaxJar, for example, is a SaaS-based business.

Like SaaS, sales tax can also be tricky, especially when you’re trying to figure out when and where your services are liable to sales tax.

Knowing that SaaS businesses have to protect their bottom line as well as reputation, the risk of being noncompliant is not an option. But just like many other “new” technologies, most states haven’t quite wrapped their hands around whether or not SaaS is taxable in their state.

For example, some states consider SaaS a service. So, if services are generally taxable in the state – such as in Arizona – then SaaS is considered taxable. In most states, where services aren’t taxable, SaaS also isn’t taxable. Other states, like Washington, consider SaaS to be an example of tangible software and thus taxable. Just like with anything tax related, each state has made their own rules and laws.

This list compiles all SaaS-related state sales tax laws at the time of this writing.

Important note: You’ll notice that some of the sources listed here are based on letter rulings. Letter rulings are interpretations of existing law made by states when the law doesn’t specifically cover an issue. As more states wise up to “new” business models like SaaS, the more likely they are to eventually amend their laws to expressly cover transaction types. So keep in mind that whether or not SaaS is taxable is subject to change.

The TaxJar API handles SaaS taxability

If you’re a SaaS provider and all this has your head spinning, don’t worry. The TaxJar API allows you to assign a product tax code to the products you sell. Find product tax codes here. When you assign this product tax code to the SaaS services you sell, the TaxJar API automatically charges your customer in any state the right amount of sales tax depending on that state’s applicable SaaS sales tax laws. Ready to stop guessing that you’re charging the right rates and automate sales tax? To learn more about TaxJar and get started, visit

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In which states should you charge sales tax on SaaS subscriptions?

Note: Some of the source links take you to long pages filled with state laws and legalese. If this is the case, search for “computer,” “computing,” or “software” to find the pertinent part of the state code.

Alabama – SaaS is considered a taxable service. Computer software is tangible personal property. (Source)

Alaska – SaaS is taxable in Alaska. (Source)

Arizona – SaaS is taxable in Arizona. (Source)

Arkansas – SaaS is non-taxable in Arkansas. Both software delivered electronically is not considered taxable, and “the use of prewritten computer software in providing software programming services does not cause the programming services to become taxable unless tangible personal property is provided to the customer.” (Source)

California – SaaS is non-taxable in California since there is no transfer of tangible personal property. (Source)

Colorado – SaaS is non-taxable in Colorado because it is not delivered in a tangible medium. (Source)

Connecticut – SaaS is taxable in Connecticut. SaaS for personal use is taxed at the full state rate, but SaaS for business use is only taxed at the rate of 1%. (Source)

Florida – SaaS is non-taxable in Florida. (Source)

Georgia – SaaS is considered non-taxable in Georgia, because it is not one of the services enumerated as taxable and is not available in tangible media. (Source

Hawaii – SaaS (and computer services) is taxable in Hawaii. Hawaii’s general excise tax applies to every good and service not tax exempt. (Source)

Idaho – SaaS is non-taxable in Idaho. Remotely accessed computer software is not taxable, and digital subscriptions are not taxable. (Source – Rule 27)

Illinois – SaaS is considered a non-taxable service. (Source

Indiana – SaaS is considered non-taxable in Indiana. A letter ruling from November 2016 said, “Cloud computing fees, remote storage fees, and data transfer fees were not subject to Indiana sales tax because the fees were paid for services and not for tangible personal property, specified digital products, prewritten computer software, or telecommunication services.” (Source)

Iowa – SaaS is taxable, except when being used for business purposes, then it is exempt. (Source)

Kansas – SaaS is non-taxable. In Kansas, SaaS providers are referred to as “Application Service Providers” (ASPs). (Source

Kentucky SaaS is taxable in Kentucky as of January 1, 2023. (Source)

Louisiana – SaaS is taxable. (Source)

Maine – SaaS is non-taxable. (Source)

Maryland – SaaS is non-taxable when used for business purposes as of July 1, 2022. (Source)

Massachusetts – SaaS and cloud computing are taxable in Massachusetts. (Source)

Michigan – SaaS is non-taxable unless there is a downloadable component. (Source)

Minnesota – SaaS is non-taxable in Minnesota. (Source)

Mississippi – SaaS is non-taxable in Mississippi. (Source)

Missouri – SaaS is non-taxable in Missouri. (Source)

Nebraska – SaaS is non-taxable in Nebraska. (Source)

Nevada – SaaS is non-taxable in Nevada. (Source)

New Jersey – SaaS is non-taxable in New Jersey. (Source)

New Mexico – SaaS is taxable in New Mexico. (Source)

New York – SaaS is taxable in New York. (Source)

North Carolina – SaaS is non-taxable in North Carolina. (Source)

North Dakota – SaaS is non-taxable in North Dakota. 

Ohio – SaaS is taxable for business use in Ohio and non-taxable for personal use. (Source)

Oklahoma – SaaS is non-taxable in Oklahoma. (Source)

Pennsylvania – SaaS is taxable in Pennsylvania. (Source)

Rhode Island – SaaS is taxable in Rhode Island. (Source)

South Carolina – SaaS is considered a taxable service in South Carolina, as are other charges to access a website. (Source)

South Dakota – SaaS is considered a taxable service in South Dakota, as are other charges to access software. (Source)

Tennessee – SaaS is taxable in Tennessee. (Source)

Texas – SaaS is considered part of a data processing service in Texas and is 80% taxable and 20% exempt from sales tax.  (Source)

Utah – SaaS is taxable in Utah. (Source)

Vermont – SaaS is taxable in Vermont as of July 1, 2024. (Source)

Virginia – SaaS is non-taxable in Virginia. (Source)

Washington – SaaS is taxable in Washington since all software, delivered by whatever means, is considered taxable in the state. (Source)

Washington D.C. – SaaS is considered a taxable service in Washington D.C. (Source)

West Virginia – SaaS is considered a taxable service in West Virginia. (Source

Wisconsin – SaaS is non-taxable in Wisconsin. (Source)

Wyoming – SaaS is non-taxable in Wyoming, since the purchaser does not have permanent use of the product. (Source)

If you need to charge sales tax on a SaaS product in your online store, the TaxJar API takes all of these state laws into account and makes your job simple. To learn more about TaxJar and get started automating your sales tax compliance, visit

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